President Joko's visit The meeting of the APEC, East Asia Summit, and G 20 in November 2014 gets appreciation from various parties and becomes a historic visit. In addition to promoting the potential economic investment, President Axis Maritime Indonesia. President's speech in the East Asia Summit Forum Burma outlines the five main pillars of the maritime axis: rebuilding culture and manage marine resources, infrastructure development and Maritime diplomacy as a conflict preventative means, and the Development of maritime defence power. Up to now various projects and The program was initiated as part of the doctrine implementation.
Indonesia has enormous maritime potential in the field of economy as well as Geopolitical. The focus of development and maritime management should not only Economic framework, Indonesia is a country The world's largest archipelago of 17,508 islands, Coastline length of 81,000 km, and the area of water reaches 5.8 million km2. Two-thirds of the territory of Indonesia is sea. With the situation Comprehensive maritime area management.
Geographically, the territory of Indonesia is located between two The world's cruise line. Linking East Asia With Africa and Europe as well as the otherwise geopolitically and geostrategic Can play an important role both in the region and globally. Indonesia borders the maritime with 10 countries, namely India, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Philippines, Republic of Palau, Australia, East Timor, and Papua New Guinea. Indonesian Maritime territory There are three grooves of the Indonesian Archipelago Ocean (ALKI) with twelve branches Which is allocated for international cruise lines that pass through Indonesia, In addition, there are three choke points, the Malacca Strait, Sunda Strait, and Lombok Strait.
The area as well as the strategic position is certainly Blessings on one side but also contain potential threats and insecurity such as Piracy, illegal fishing, violation of territorial boundaries, claims Border areas. Areas to be secured according to the strategy State defense is an area of sovereignty or territory and the right zone Sovereign Tau ZEE. To tackle the various threats and insecurity Indonesia must have credible security and maritime defence power and fearless. Sea Power concept is in the pillar The five doctrines of the maritime axis.
Sea Power Concept
Sea Power concept is actually not only The power of the Navy, but it has a wide range of concepts Wider. There are three main elements in the Sea power concept, namely Control over commercial traffic and international trade, the ability to Naval combat operations, and the use of naval instruments in Aspects of diplomacy, deterens, and political influences in peacetime. Unlike the concept of land power or water power Highly military-oriented, the concept of sea power With the geo-economic interests. Nevertheless, the strength aspect Naval defence has a very important role as the instrument Ensure that sea power is achieved and achievement Geo-economics.
Maritime countries should ensure control of commercial traffic and International trade, traffic and international trade Passing through the territory of Indonesia through three ALKI or sea lines of Communication/Commerce (SLOC). All foreign objects must get Permits and complies with Indonesia's regulations and controls including warships. Things is a challenge for Indonesia to ensure that all objects are Crossing Indonesian waters do not have a negative agenda as well as comply with all regulations.
The Navy maritime country must also have the means and able Three roles, namely naval diplomacy, Deterens, and Political influence in peacetime.
There are several issues catalyzing and potential threats The existence of sea power Indonesia, which is issue of South China Sea, Asia Pacific's rebalancing policy, as well as India's strategy in Indian Ocean. Such issues should be part of the realization that Real potential.
Power Building Maritime defence
Maritime State must have naval combat operation capabilities Powerful. The Navy must have an effective defence function. Breadth The sea region demanded a heavy responsibility, the Navy should continue to is built in the field to be more professional. There are three classifications Navy namely Brown, Green, and Blue Water Navy. The three have more differences in the capabilities of Projection area. Brown Water Navy is a surgical operation in Area, while green water navy is the ability to Territorial operations (especially archipelago countries), the classification of Highest Blue water navy requires operation capability Across the ocean.
Indonesia's defence development was held to create Military defenses and military defenses towards regional maritime power Asia-Pacific region with an active defensive principle in order to National interests. State defense efforts are organized through Development of the state's ongoing posture to realize the Strengths, abilities and titles. Construction of military defense posture directed At the fulfillment of minimum Essential Force (MEF) component Main. MEF program is a long term program that has three stages. Currently it has entered the third stage which will end in 2024. To Achieve essential minimum strength, there are some programs that run IE Procurement, rematerialization, revitalization and relocation. There are six The core capabilities that the Navy must have is present in the region The forefront, Deterens, maritime controls, power projections, maritime security, and Abilities other than combat such as humanitarian assistance and countermeasures Disaster.
TNI AL as a defence institution of sea Matra Various programmes to realize the strengths, abilities, and degrees and Essential minimum core capabilities. Like the formation of Koarmada III in Sorong and various Alutsista procurement projects.
The above policies are an opportunity and challenge for Strategic industry in the country to fill a niche needs as well as independence National strategic industry. A strong and independent strategic industry will National pride and build a positive image of the country.
With active defensive defense doctrine, making it easier Strategic industry to fill those opportunities. Active defensive doctrine does not A country to have a high-power alutsista. Ability to survive, but also has the ability to respond and High power (deterns).
The broad maritime region is a challenge, but with the ability A prime national strategic industry can answer these challenges. When Indonesia has been able to build warships, submarines, and auxiliary vessels. Through LAW No. 16 of 2012, PT PAL Indonesia (Persero) is the lead Integrator in fulfilling the needs of Alutsista Matra Sea. Speed boat Missile (KCR) 60 meters is a warship production of PT PAL Indonesia (Persero) Suitable patrol function operated by coastal country and islands To patrol Litoral. The higher class is light Missile regulatory destroyer Frigate (PKR) 105 meters over technology in cooperation The Dutch dsme, is a means of achieving a trepidation effect in the region Sovereignty and sovereign rights of Indonesia. Cutting-edge technology is The capability of producing a Changbogo class submarine in collaboration with Daewoo, South Korea.
In addition to battleships, PT PAL Indonesia (Persero) also has the ability Build and manufacture auxiliary vessels. Some of these ship products are Landing Platform Dock (LPD) 124 meters. Variants of these vessels have been Exported to the Philippines and in demand some countries such as Malaysia, Thailand, and Senegal. Indonesia has operated 3 LPD 124 meters and will have a Two hospital auxiliary vessels with LPD's 124 meter design base. Besides doing Combat assistance, the vessel also has the capability to carry out Non-war military operations such as disaster relief and humanitarian missions Other.
Not Only build and produce, PT PAL Indonesia (Persero) also has a Ability to perform maintenance and repair, be it warships, ships Submarine, or commercial vessel. PT PAL Indonesia (Persero) has a dock Up to 50,000 DWT capacity.
The above capabilities are a tangible manifestation of works and contributions to A nation presented by PT PAL Indonesia (Persero). Never Satisfied with this achievement, PT PAL Indonesia (Persero) continues to innovate To be able to continue working for the nation and state. Realizing a great vision Indonesia as the World maritime axis.
Prepared by: Department of Public Relations PT PAL Indonesia (Persero)